Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders. If we look in cases of depression women have a higher count rate rather than men. It causes a feeling of extreme sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, selflessness, and changes in sleep patterns, appetite, and suicidal thoughts. People with depression also have multiple physiological issues, with no physical traits. When these effects of depression affect you for a long period it will make your functioning weak and impaired in personal, occupational, and social life. Management of depression includes both Psychotherapy and Medication.
- GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
Excessive and irrational worry about anything and will impair the functioning of an individual, occurring on more days than not for at least 6 months, about several events or activities. An individual who experiences Generalized Anxiety Disorder finds it hard to control the tension, which will be accompanied by restlessness, tiredness, having concentration issues, irritability, muscle tension, and disturbance in sleep and appetite. You can consult a Clinical Psychologist and should take counseling before it interrupt your entire living.
- OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD)
OCD includes repeated thoughts and actions done by the individual to prevent it. Those repeated automatic thoughts are called obsessions and actions or rituals are called compulsions. An example for this is, when a person with excessive, irrational, automatic fear of getting illness by germs will wash his hands repeatedly as a compulsion.
An obsession is defined as an unwanted thought, image, or urge which repeatedly enters a person’s mind. Which are distressing but are acknowledged as originating in the person’s mind, not from an external source. Exposure and Response Prevention is an effective method for OCD treatment.
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder, characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, language, sense of self, and behavior. People who are having this may hear voices that are not there, seeing visuals that are not present- Visual or auditory hallucinations are common. There will be delusions and one of the most common one is imagining other people are trying to hurt them. Schizophrenia will also affect the functioning and cognitive aspects of people.